About the Subject:

Design and Techonology is a practical subject area which requires the application of knowledge and understanding when developing ideas, planning, producing products and evaluating them.

The distinction between Designing and Making is a convenient one to make, but in practice the two often merge.  For example, research can involve not only investigating printed matter and people's opinions, but also investigating e.g. proportions, adhesives, colour, structures and materials through practical work.


Area of study:

Designing Skills

Candidates should be taught to:

  • be creative and innovative when designing;
  • design products to meet the needs of clients and consumers;
  • understand the design principles of form, function and fitness for purpose;
  • understand the role that designers and product developers have, and the impact and responsibility they have on and to society;
  • analyse and evaluate existing products; including those from professional designers;
  • to develop and use design briefs and specifications for product development;
  • consider the conflicting demands that moral, cultural, economic and social values and needs can make in the planning and in the designing of products;
  • consider environmental and sustainability issues in designing products;
  • consider health and safety in all its aspects;
  • anticipate and design for product maintenance where appropriate;
  • design for manufacturing in quantity and to be aware of current commercial/industrial processes;
  • generate design proposals against stated design criteria, and to modify their proposals in the light of on-going analysis, evaluation and product development;
  • reflect critically when evaluating and modifying their design ideas and proposals in order to improve the products throughout inception and manufacture;
  • use, where appropriate, a range of graphic techniques and ICT (including digital media), including CAD, to generate, develop, model and communicate design proposals;
  • investigate and select appropriate materials and components;
  • plan and organise activities which involve the use of materials and components when developing or manufacturing;
  • devise and apply test procedures to check the quality of their work at critical/key points during development, and to indicate ways of modifying and improving it when necessary;
  • communicate the design propsal in an appropriate manner;
  • be flexible and adaptable when designing;
  • test and evaluate the final design proposal against the design specification;
  • evaluate the work of other designers to inform their own practice;
  • understand the advantages of working collaboratively as a member of a design team;
  • understand the need to protect design ideas.

Making Skills

Candidates should be taught to:

  • select and use tools/equipment and processes to produce quality products;
  • consider the solution to technical problems in the design and manufacture process;
  • use tools and equipment safely with regard to themselves and others;
  • work accuratley and efficiently in terms of time, materials/ingredients and components;
  • manufacture products applying quality control procedures;
  • have knowledge of Computer-Aided Manufacture (CAM) and to use as appropriate;
  • ensure, through testing, modification and evalution, that the quality of their products is suitable for intended users and devise modifications where necessary that would improve the outcome(s);
  • understand the advantages of working as part of a team.

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